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1<html><head><meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=ISO-8859-1"><title>smbpasswd</title><link rel="stylesheet" href="samba.css" type="text/css"><meta name="generator" content="DocBook XSL Stylesheets V1.71.0"></head><body bgcolor="white" text="black" link="#0000FF" vlink="#840084" alink="#0000FF"><div class="refentry" lang="en"><a name="smbpasswd.5"></a><div class="titlepage"></div><div class="refnamediv"><h2>Name</h2><p>smbpasswd &#8212; The Samba encrypted password file</p></div><div class="refsynopsisdiv"><h2>Synopsis</h2><p><code class="filename">smbpasswd</code></p></div><div class="refsect1" lang="en"><a name="id291815"></a><h2>DESCRIPTION</h2><p>This tool is part of the <a href="samba.7.html"><span class="citerefentry"><span class="refentrytitle">samba</span>(7)</span></a> suite.</p><p>smbpasswd is the Samba encrypted password file. It contains
2        the username, Unix user id and the SMB hashed passwords of the
3        user, as well as account flag information and the time the
4        password was last changed. This file format has been evolving with
5        Samba and has had several different formats in the past. </p></div><div class="refsect1" lang="en"><a name="id259311"></a><h2>FILE FORMAT</h2><p>The format of the smbpasswd file used by Samba 2.2
6        is very similar to the familiar Unix <code class="filename">passwd(5)</code> 
7        file. It is an ASCII file containing one line for each user. Each field
8        ithin each line is separated from the next by a colon. Any entry
9        beginning with '#' is ignored. The smbpasswd file contains the
10        following information for each user: </p><div class="variablelist"><dl><dt><span class="term">name</span></dt><dd><p> This is the user name. It must be a name that
11                already exists in the standard UNIX passwd file. </p></dd><dt><span class="term">uid</span></dt><dd><p>This is the UNIX uid. It must match the uid
12                field for the same user entry in the standard UNIX passwd file.
13                If this does not match then Samba will refuse to recognize
14                this smbpasswd file entry as being valid for a user.
15                </p></dd><dt><span class="term">Lanman Password Hash</span></dt><dd><p>This is the LANMAN hash of the user's password,
16                encoded as 32 hex digits.  The LANMAN hash is created by DES
17                encrypting a well known string with the user's password as the
18                DES key. This is the same password used by Windows 95/98 machines.
19                Note that this password hash is regarded as weak as it is
20                vulnerable to dictionary attacks and if two users choose the
21                same password this entry will be identical (i.e. the password
22                is not "salted" as the UNIX password is). If the user has a
23                null password this field will contain the characters "NO PASSWORD"
24                as the start of the hex string. If the hex string is equal to
25                32 'X' characters then the user's account is marked as
26                <code class="constant">disabled</code> and the user will not be able to
27                log onto the Samba server. </p><p><span class="emphasis"><em>WARNING !!</em></span> Note that, due to
28                the challenge-response nature of the SMB/CIFS authentication
29                protocol, anyone with a knowledge of this password hash will
30                be able to impersonate the user on the network. For this
31                reason these hashes are known as <span class="emphasis"><em>plain text
32                equivalents</em></span> and must <span class="emphasis"><em>NOT</em></span> be made
33                available to anyone but the root user. To protect these passwords
34                the smbpasswd file is placed in a directory with read and
35                traverse access only to the root user and the smbpasswd file
36                itself must be set to be read/write only by root, with no
37                other access. </p></dd><dt><span class="term">NT Password Hash</span></dt><dd><p>This is the Windows NT hash of the user's
38                password, encoded as 32 hex digits.  The Windows NT hash is
39                created by taking the user's password as represented in
40                16-bit, little-endian UNICODE and then applying the MD4
41                (internet rfc1321) hashing algorithm to it. </p><p>This password hash is considered more secure than
42                the LANMAN Password Hash as it preserves the case of the
43                password and uses a much higher quality hashing algorithm.
44                However, it is still the case that if two users choose the same
45                password this entry will be identical (i.e. the password is
46                not "salted" as the UNIX password is). </p><p><span class="emphasis"><em>WARNING !!</em></span>. Note that, due to
47                the challenge-response nature of the SMB/CIFS authentication
48                protocol, anyone with a knowledge of this password hash will
49                be able to impersonate the user on the network. For this
50                reason these hashes are known as <span class="emphasis"><em>plain text
51                equivalents</em></span> and must <span class="emphasis"><em>NOT</em></span> be made
52                available to anyone but the root user. To protect these passwords
53                the smbpasswd file is placed in a directory with read and
54                traverse access only to the root user and the smbpasswd file
55                itself must be set to be read/write only by root, with no
56                other access. </p></dd><dt><span class="term">Account Flags</span></dt><dd><p>This section contains flags that describe
57                the attributes of the users account.  This field is bracketed by
58                '[' and ']' characters and is always 13 characters in length
59                (including the '[' and ']' characters).
60                The contents of this field may be any of the following characters:
61                </p><div class="itemizedlist"><ul type="disc"><li><p><span class="emphasis"><em>U</em></span> - This means
62                        this is a "User" account, i.e. an ordinary user.</p></li><li><p><span class="emphasis"><em>N</em></span> - This means the
63                        account has no password (the passwords in the fields LANMAN
64                        Password Hash and NT Password Hash are ignored). Note that this
65                        will only allow users to log on with no password if the <em class="parameter"><code>
66                        null passwords</code></em> parameter is set in the
67                        <a href="smb.conf.5.html"><span class="citerefentry"><span class="refentrytitle">smb.conf</span>(5)</span></a> config file. </p></li><li><p><span class="emphasis"><em>D</em></span> - This means the account
68                        is disabled and no SMB/CIFS logins  will be allowed for this user. </p></li><li><p><span class="emphasis"><em>X</em></span> - This means the password
69                        does not expire. </p></li><li><p><span class="emphasis"><em>W</em></span> - This means this account
70                        is a "Workstation Trust" account. This kind of account is used
71                        in the Samba PDC code stream to allow Windows NT Workstations
72                        and Servers to join a Domain hosted by a Samba PDC. </p></li></ul></div><p>Other flags may be added as the code is extended in future.
73                The rest of this field space is filled in with spaces. For further
74                information regarding the flags that are supported please refer to the
75                man page for the <span><strong class="command">pdbedit</strong></span> command.</p></dd><dt><span class="term">Last Change Time</span></dt><dd><p>This field consists of the time the account was
76                last modified. It consists of the characters 'LCT-' (standing for
77                "Last Change Time") followed by a numeric encoding of the UNIX time
78                in seconds since the epoch (1970) that the last change was made.
79                </p></dd></dl></div><p>All other colon separated fields are ignored at this time.</p></div><div class="refsect1" lang="en"><a name="id260410"></a><h2>VERSION</h2><p>This man page is correct for version 3.0 of
80        the Samba suite.</p></div><div class="refsect1" lang="en"><a name="id260421"></a><h2>SEE ALSO</h2><p><a href="smbpasswd.8.html"><span class="citerefentry"><span class="refentrytitle">smbpasswd</span>(8)</span></a>, <a href="Samba.7.html"><span class="citerefentry"><span class="refentrytitle">Samba</span>(7)</span></a>, and
81        the Internet RFC1321 for details on the MD4 algorithm.
82        </p></div><div class="refsect1" lang="en"><a name="id260088"></a><h2>AUTHOR</h2><p>The original Samba software and related utilities
83        were created by Andrew Tridgell. Samba is now developed
84        by the Samba Team as an Open Source project similar
85        to the way the Linux kernel is developed.</p><p>The original Samba man pages were written by Karl Auer.
86        The man page sources were converted to YODL format (another
87        excellent piece of Open Source software, available at <a href="ftp://ftp.icce.rug.nl/pub/unix/" target="_top">
88        ftp://ftp.icce.rug.nl/pub/unix/</a>) and updated for the Samba 2.0
89        release by Jeremy Allison.  The conversion to DocBook for
90        Samba 2.2 was done by Gerald Carter. The conversion to DocBook XML 4.2
91        for Samba 3.0 was done by Alexander Bokovoy.</p></div></div></body></html>
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