source: trunk/samba/docs/htmldocs/manpages/net.8.html @ 30

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1<html><head><meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=ISO-8859-1"><title>net</title><link rel="stylesheet" href="samba.css" type="text/css"><meta name="generator" content="DocBook XSL Stylesheets V1.68.1"></head><body bgcolor="white" text="black" link="#0000FF" vlink="#840084" alink="#0000FF"><div class="refentry" lang="en"><a name="net.8"></a><div class="titlepage"></div><div class="refnamediv"><h2>Name</h2><p>net &#8212; Tool for administration of Samba and remote
2        CIFS servers.
3        </p></div><div class="refsynopsisdiv"><h2>Synopsis</h2><div class="cmdsynopsis"><p><code class="command">net</code>  {&lt;ads|rap|rpc&gt;} [-h] [-w workgroup] [-W myworkgroup] [-U user] [-I ip-address] [-p port] [-n myname] [-s conffile] [-S server] [-l] [-P] [-d debuglevel] [-V]</p></div></div><div class="refsect1" lang="en"><a name="id231193"></a><h2>DESCRIPTION</h2><p>This tool is part of the <a href="samba.7.html"><span class="citerefentry"><span class="refentrytitle">samba</span>(7)</span></a> suite.</p><p>The samba net utility is meant to work just like the net utility
4        available for windows and DOS. The first argument should be used
5        to specify the protocol to use when executing a certain command.
6        ADS is used for ActiveDirectory, RAP is using for old (Win9x/NT3)
7        clients and RPC can be used for NT4 and Windows 2000. If this
8        argument is omitted, net will try to determine it automatically.
9        Not all commands are available on all protocols.
10        </p></div><div class="refsect1" lang="en"><a name="id231418"></a><h2>OPTIONS</h2><div class="variablelist"><dl><dt><span class="term">-h|--help</span></dt><dd><p>Print a summary of command line options.
11</p></dd><dt><span class="term">-w target-workgroup</span></dt><dd><p>
12                Sets target workgroup or domain. You have to specify
13                either this option or the IP address or the name of a server.
14                </p></dd><dt><span class="term">-W workgroup</span></dt><dd><p>
15                Sets client workgroup or domain
16                </p></dd><dt><span class="term">-U user</span></dt><dd><p>
17                User name to use
18                </p></dd><dt><span class="term">-I ip-address</span></dt><dd><p>
19                IP address of target server to use. You have to
20                specify either this option or a target workgroup or
21                a target server.
22                </p></dd><dt><span class="term">-p port</span></dt><dd><p>
23                Port on the target server to connect to (usually 139 or 445).
24                Defaults to trying 445 first, then 139.
25                </p></dd><dt><span class="term">-n &lt;primary NetBIOS name&gt;</span></dt><dd><p>This option allows you to override
26the NetBIOS name that Samba uses for itself. This is identical
27to setting the <a class="indexterm" name="id231506"></a> parameter in the <code class="filename">smb.conf</code> file.
28However, a command
29line setting will take precedence over settings in
30<code class="filename">smb.conf</code>.</p></dd><dt><span class="term">-s &lt;configuration file&gt;</span></dt><dd><p>The file specified contains the
31configuration details required by the server.  The
32information in this file includes server-specific
33information such as what printcap file to use, as well
34as descriptions of all the services that the server is
35to provide. See <code class="filename">smb.conf</code> for more information.
36The default configuration file name is determined at
37compile time.</p></dd><dt><span class="term">-S server</span></dt><dd><p>
38                Name of target server. You should specify either
39                this option or a target workgroup or a target IP address.
40                </p></dd><dt><span class="term">-l</span></dt><dd><p>
41                When listing data, give more information on each item.
42                </p></dd><dt><span class="term">-P</span></dt><dd><p>
43                Make queries to the external server using the machine account of the local server.
44                </p></dd><dt><span class="term">-d|--debuglevel=level</span></dt><dd><p><em class="replaceable"><code>level</code></em> is an integer
45from 0 to 10.  The default value if this parameter is
46not specified is zero.</p><p>The higher this value, the more detail will be
47logged to the log files about the activities of the
48server. At level 0, only critical errors and serious
49warnings will be logged. Level 1 is a reasonable level for
50day-to-day running - it generates a small amount of
51information about operations carried out.</p><p>Levels above 1 will generate considerable
52amounts of log data, and should only be used when
53investigating a problem. Levels above 3 are designed for
54use only by developers and generate HUGE amounts of log
55data, most of which is extremely cryptic.</p><p>Note that specifying this parameter here will
56override the <a class="indexterm" name="id230555"></a> parameter
57in the <code class="filename">smb.conf</code> file.</p></dd></dl></div></div><div class="refsect1" lang="en"><a name="id230572"></a><h2>COMMANDS</h2><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id230577"></a><h3>CHANGESECRETPW</h3><p>This command allows the Samba machine account password to be set from an external application
58to a machine account password that has already been stored in Active Directory. DO NOT USE this command
59unless you know exactly what you are doing. The use of this command requires that the force flag (-f)
60be used also. There will be NO command prompt. Whatever information is piped into stdin, either by
61typing at the command line or otherwise, will be stored as the literal machine password. Do NOT use
62this without care and attention as it will overwrite a legitimate machine password without warning.
63YOU HAVE BEEN WARNED.
64</p></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id230593"></a><h3>TIME</h3><p>The <span><strong class="command">NET TIME</strong></span> command allows you to view the time on a remote server
65        or synchronise the time on the local server with the time on the remote server.</p><div class="refsect3" lang="en"><a name="id230609"></a><h4>TIME</h4><p>Without any options, the <span><strong class="command">NET TIME</strong></span> command
66displays the time on the remote server.
67</p></div><div class="refsect3" lang="en"><a name="id230625"></a><h4>TIME SYSTEM</h4><p>Displays the time on the remote server in a format ready for <span><strong class="command">/bin/date</strong></span></p></div><div class="refsect3" lang="en"><a name="id271740"></a><h4>TIME SET</h4><p>Tries to set the date and time of the local server to that on
68the remote server using <span><strong class="command">/bin/date</strong></span>. </p></div><div class="refsect3" lang="en"><a name="id271755"></a><h4>TIME ZONE</h4><p>Displays the timezone in hours from GMT on the remote computer.</p></div></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id271766"></a><h3>[RPC|ADS] JOIN [TYPE] [-U username[%password]] [createupn=UPN] [createcomputer=OU] [options]</h3><p>
69Join a domain.  If the account already exists on the server, and
70[TYPE] is MEMBER, the machine will attempt to join automatically.
71(Assuming that the machine has been created in server manager)
72Otherwise, a password will be prompted for, and a new account may
73be created.</p><p>
74[TYPE] may be PDC, BDC or MEMBER to specify the type of server
75joining the domain.
76</p><p>
77[UPN] (ADS only) set the principalname attribute during the join.  The default
78format is host/netbiosname@REALM.
79</p><p>
80[OU] (ADS only) Precreate the computer account in a specific OU.  The
81OU string reads from top to bottom without RDNs, and is delimited by
82a '/'.  Please note that '\' is used for escape by both the shell
83and ldap, so it may need to be doubled or quadrupled to pass through,
84and it is not used as a delimiter.
85</p></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id271794"></a><h3>[RPC] OLDJOIN [options]</h3><p>Join a domain. Use the OLDJOIN option to join the domain
86using the old style of domain joining - you need to create a trust
87account in server manager first.</p></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id271805"></a><h3>[RPC|ADS] USER</h3><div class="refsect3" lang="en"><a name="id271810"></a><h4>[RPC|ADS] USER</h4><p>List all users</p></div><div class="refsect3" lang="en"><a name="id271820"></a><h4>[RPC|ADS] USER DELETE <em class="replaceable"><code>target</code></em></h4><p>Delete specified user</p></div><div class="refsect3" lang="en"><a name="id271833"></a><h4>[RPC|ADS] USER INFO <em class="replaceable"><code>target</code></em></h4><p>List the domain groups of a the specified user.</p></div><div class="refsect3" lang="en"><a name="id271846"></a><h4>[RPC|ADS] USER RENAME <em class="replaceable"><code>oldname</code></em> <em class="replaceable"><code>newname</code></em></h4><p>Rename specified user.</p></div><div class="refsect3" lang="en"><a name="id271862"></a><h4>[RPC|ADS] USER ADD <em class="replaceable"><code>name</code></em> [password] [-F user flags] [-C comment]</h4><p>Add specified user.</p></div></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id271877"></a><h3>[RPC|ADS] GROUP</h3><div class="refsect3" lang="en"><a name="id271882"></a><h4>[RPC|ADS] GROUP [misc options] [targets]</h4><p>List user groups.</p></div><div class="refsect3" lang="en"><a name="id271893"></a><h4>[RPC|ADS] GROUP DELETE <em class="replaceable"><code>name</code></em> [misc. options]</h4><p>Delete specified group.</p></div><div class="refsect3" lang="en"><a name="id271907"></a><h4>[RPC|ADS] GROUP ADD <em class="replaceable"><code>name</code></em> [-C comment]</h4><p>Create specified group.</p></div></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id271922"></a><h3>[RAP|RPC] SHARE</h3><div class="refsect3" lang="en"><a name="id271927"></a><h4>[RAP|RPC] SHARE [misc. options] [targets]</h4><p>Enumerates all exported resources (network shares) on target server.</p></div><div class="refsect3" lang="en"><a name="id271938"></a><h4>[RAP|RPC] SHARE ADD <em class="replaceable"><code>name=serverpath</code></em> [-C comment] [-M maxusers] [targets]</h4><p>Adds a share from a server (makes the export active). Maxusers
88specifies the number of users that can be connected to the
89share simultaneously.</p></div><div class="refsect3" lang="en"><a name="id271953"></a><h4>SHARE DELETE <em class="replaceable"><code>sharenam</code></em></h4><p>Delete specified share.</p></div></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id271967"></a><h3>[RPC|RAP] FILE</h3><div class="refsect3" lang="en"><a name="id271972"></a><h4>[RPC|RAP] FILE</h4><p>List all open files on remote server.</p></div><div class="refsect3" lang="en"><a name="id271983"></a><h4>[RPC|RAP] FILE CLOSE <em class="replaceable"><code>fileid</code></em></h4><p>Close file with specified <em class="replaceable"><code>fileid</code></em> on
90remote server.</p></div><div class="refsect3" lang="en"><a name="id271999"></a><h4>[RPC|RAP] FILE INFO <em class="replaceable"><code>fileid</code></em></h4><p>
91Print information on specified <em class="replaceable"><code>fileid</code></em>.
92Currently listed are: file-id, username, locks, path, permissions.
93</p></div><div class="refsect3" lang="en"><a name="id272016"></a><h4>[RAP|RPC] FILE USER</h4><div class="note" style="margin-left: 0.5in; margin-right: 0.5in;"><h3 class="title">Note</h3><p>Currently NOT implemented.</p></div></div></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id272028"></a><h3>SESSION</h3><div class="refsect3" lang="en"><a name="id272034"></a><h4>RAP SESSION</h4><p>Without any other options, SESSION enumerates all active SMB/CIFS
94sessions on the target server.</p></div><div class="refsect3" lang="en"><a name="id272045"></a><h4>RAP SESSION DELETE|CLOSE <em class="replaceable"><code>CLIENT_NAME</code></em></h4><p>Close the specified sessions.</p></div><div class="refsect3" lang="en"><a name="id272057"></a><h4>RAP SESSION INFO <em class="replaceable"><code>CLIENT_NAME</code></em></h4><p>Give a list with all the open files in specified session.</p></div></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id272071"></a><h3>RAP SERVER <em class="replaceable"><code>DOMAIN</code></em></h3><p>List all servers in specified domain or workgroup. Defaults
95to local domain.</p></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id272084"></a><h3>RAP DOMAIN</h3><p>Lists all domains and workgroups visible on the
96current network.</p></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id272095"></a><h3>RAP PRINTQ</h3><div class="refsect3" lang="en"><a name="id272101"></a><h4>RAP PRINTQ LIST <em class="replaceable"><code>QUEUE_NAME</code></em></h4><p>Lists the specified print queue and print jobs on the server.
97If the <em class="replaceable"><code>QUEUE_NAME</code></em> is omitted, all
98queues are listed.</p></div><div class="refsect3" lang="en"><a name="id272117"></a><h4>RAP PRINTQ DELETE <em class="replaceable"><code>JOBID</code></em></h4><p>Delete job with specified id.</p></div></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id272131"></a><h3>RAP VALIDATE <em class="replaceable"><code>user</code></em> [<em class="replaceable"><code>password</code></em>]</h3><p>
99Validate whether the specified user can log in to the
100remote server. If the password is not specified on the commandline, it
101will be prompted.
102</p><div class="note" style="margin-left: 0.5in; margin-right: 0.5in;"><h3 class="title">Note</h3><p>Currently NOT implemented.</p></div></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id272154"></a><h3>RAP GROUPMEMBER</h3><div class="refsect3" lang="en"><a name="id272160"></a><h4>RAP GROUPMEMBER LIST <em class="replaceable"><code>GROUP</code></em></h4><p>List all members of the specified group.</p></div><div class="refsect3" lang="en"><a name="id272172"></a><h4>RAP GROUPMEMBER DELETE <em class="replaceable"><code>GROUP</code></em> <em class="replaceable"><code>USER</code></em></h4><p>Delete member from group.</p></div><div class="refsect3" lang="en"><a name="id272188"></a><h4>RAP GROUPMEMBER ADD <em class="replaceable"><code>GROUP</code></em> <em class="replaceable"><code>USER</code></em></h4><p>Add member to group.</p></div></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id272206"></a><h3>RAP ADMIN <em class="replaceable"><code>command</code></em></h3><p>Execute the specified <em class="replaceable"><code>command</code></em> on
103the remote server. Only works with OS/2 servers.
104</p><div class="note" style="margin-left: 0.5in; margin-right: 0.5in;"><h3 class="title">Note</h3><p>Currently NOT implemented.</p></div></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id272227"></a><h3>RAP SERVICE</h3><div class="refsect3" lang="en"><a name="id272232"></a><h4>RAP SERVICE START <em class="replaceable"><code>NAME</code></em> [arguments...]</h4><p>Start the specified service on the remote server. Not implemented yet.</p><div class="note" style="margin-left: 0.5in; margin-right: 0.5in;"><h3 class="title">Note</h3><p>Currently NOT implemented.</p></div></div><div class="refsect3" lang="en"><a name="id272251"></a><h4>RAP SERVICE STOP</h4><p>Stop the specified service on the remote server.</p><div class="note" style="margin-left: 0.5in; margin-right: 0.5in;"><h3 class="title">Note</h3><p>Currently NOT implemented.</p></div></div></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id272267"></a><h3>RAP PASSWORD <em class="replaceable"><code>USER</code></em> <em class="replaceable"><code>OLDPASS</code></em> <em class="replaceable"><code>NEWPASS</code></em></h3><p>
105Change password of <em class="replaceable"><code>USER</code></em> from <em class="replaceable"><code>OLDPASS</code></em> to <em class="replaceable"><code>NEWPASS</code></em>.
106</p></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id272298"></a><h3>LOOKUP</h3><div class="refsect3" lang="en"><a name="id272303"></a><h4>LOOKUP HOST <em class="replaceable"><code>HOSTNAME</code></em> [<em class="replaceable"><code>TYPE</code></em>]</h4><p>
107Lookup the IP address of the given host with the specified type (netbios suffix).
108The type defaults to 0x20 (workstation).
109</p></div><div class="refsect3" lang="en"><a name="id272321"></a><h4>LOOKUP LDAP [<em class="replaceable"><code>DOMAIN</code></em></h4><p>Give IP address of LDAP server of specified <em class="replaceable"><code>DOMAIN</code></em>. Defaults to local domain.</p></div><div class="refsect3" lang="en"><a name="id272338"></a><h4>LOOKUP KDC [<em class="replaceable"><code>REALM</code></em>]</h4><p>Give IP address of KDC for the specified <em class="replaceable"><code>REALM</code></em>.
110Defaults to local realm.</p></div><div class="refsect3" lang="en"><a name="id272356"></a><h4>LOOKUP DC [<em class="replaceable"><code>DOMAIN</code></em>]</h4><p>Give IP's of Domain Controllers for specified <em class="replaceable"><code>
111DOMAIN</code></em>. Defaults to local domain.</p></div><div class="refsect3" lang="en"><a name="id272374"></a><h4>LOOKUP MASTER <em class="replaceable"><code>DOMAIN</code></em></h4><p>Give IP of master browser for specified <em class="replaceable"><code>DOMAIN</code></em>
112or workgroup. Defaults to local domain.</p></div></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id272391"></a><h3>CACHE</h3><p>Samba uses a general caching interface called 'gencache'. It
113can be controlled using 'NET CACHE'.</p><p>All the timeout parameters support the suffixes:
114
115</p><table class="simplelist" border="0" summary="Simple list"><tr><td>s - Seconds</td></tr><tr><td>m - Minutes</td></tr><tr><td>h - Hours</td></tr><tr><td>d - Days</td></tr><tr><td>w - Weeks</td></tr></table><p>
116
117</p><div class="refsect3" lang="en"><a name="id272428"></a><h4>CACHE ADD <em class="replaceable"><code>key</code></em> <em class="replaceable"><code>data</code></em> <em class="replaceable"><code>time-out</code></em></h4><p>Add specified key+data to the cache with the given timeout.</p></div><div class="refsect3" lang="en"><a name="id272447"></a><h4>CACHE DEL <em class="replaceable"><code>key</code></em></h4><p>Delete key from the cache.</p></div><div class="refsect3" lang="en"><a name="id272460"></a><h4>CACHE SET <em class="replaceable"><code>key</code></em> <em class="replaceable"><code>data</code></em> <em class="replaceable"><code>time-out</code></em></h4><p>Update data of existing cache entry.</p></div><div class="refsect3" lang="en"><a name="id272479"></a><h4>CACHE SEARCH <em class="replaceable"><code>PATTERN</code></em></h4><p>Search for the specified pattern in the cache data.</p></div><div class="refsect3" lang="en"><a name="id272492"></a><h4>CACHE LIST</h4><p>
118List all current items in the cache.
119</p></div><div class="refsect3" lang="en"><a name="id272502"></a><h4>CACHE FLUSH</h4><p>Remove all the current items from the cache.</p></div></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id272514"></a><h3>GETLOCALSID [DOMAIN]</h3><p>Print the SID of the specified domain, or if the parameter is
120omitted, the SID of the domain the local server is in.</p></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id272524"></a><h3>SETLOCALSID S-1-5-21-x-y-z</h3><p>Sets domain sid for the local server to the specified SID.</p></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id272535"></a><h3>GROUPMAP</h3><p>Manage the mappings between Windows group SIDs and UNIX groups.
121Parameters take the for "parameter=value".  Common options include:</p><div class="itemizedlist"><ul type="disc"><li><p>unixgroup - Name of the UNIX group</p></li><li><p>ntgroup - Name of the Windows NT group (must be
122  resolvable to a SID</p></li><li><p>rid - Unsigned 32-bit integer</p></li><li><p>sid - Full SID in the form of "S-1-..."</p></li><li><p>type - Type of the group; either 'domain', 'local',
123  or 'builtin'</p></li><li><p>comment - Freeform text description of the group</p></li></ul></div><div class="refsect3" lang="en"><a name="id272577"></a><h4>GROUPMAP ADD</h4><p>
124Add a new group mapping entry:
125</p><pre class="programlisting">
126net groupmap add {rid=int|sid=string} unixgroup=string \
127      [type={domain|local}] [ntgroup=string] [comment=string]
128</pre><p>
129</p></div><div class="refsect3" lang="en"><a name="id272594"></a><h4>GROUPMAP DELETE</h4><p>Delete a group mapping entry. If more then one group name matches, the first entry found is deleted.</p><p>net groupmap delete {ntgroup=string|sid=SID}</p></div><div class="refsect3" lang="en"><a name="id272608"></a><h4>GROUPMAP MODIFY</h4><p>Update en existing group entry</p><p>
130</p><pre class="programlisting">
131net groupmap modify {ntgroup=string|sid=SID} [unixgroup=string] \
132       [comment=string] [type={domain|local}]
133</pre><p>
134</p></div><div class="refsect3" lang="en"><a name="id272628"></a><h4>GROUPMAP LIST</h4><p>List existing group mapping entries</p><p>net groupmap list [verbose] [ntgroup=string] [sid=SID]</p></div></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id272644"></a><h3>MAXRID</h3><p>Prints out the highest RID currently in use on the local
135server (by the active 'passdb backend').
136</p></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id272654"></a><h3>RPC INFO</h3><p>Print information about the domain of the remote server,
137such as domain name, domain sid and number of users and groups.
138</p></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id272665"></a><h3>[RPC|ADS] TESTJOIN</h3><p>Check whether participation in a domain is still valid.</p></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id272676"></a><h3>[RPC|ADS] CHANGETRUSTPW</h3><p>Force change of domain trust password.</p></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id272686"></a><h3>RPC TRUSTDOM</h3><div class="refsect3" lang="en"><a name="id272692"></a><h4>RPC TRUSTDOM ADD <em class="replaceable"><code>DOMAIN</code></em></h4><p>Add a interdomain trust account for
139<em class="replaceable"><code>DOMAIN</code></em> to the remote server.
140</p></div><div class="refsect3" lang="en"><a name="id272708"></a><h4>RPC TRUSTDOM DEL <em class="replaceable"><code>DOMAIM</code></em></h4><p>Remove interdomain trust account for
141<em class="replaceable"><code>DOMAIN</code></em> from the remote server.
142</p><div class="note" style="margin-left: 0.5in; margin-right: 0.5in;"><h3 class="title">Note</h3><p>Currently NOT implemented.</p></div></div><div class="refsect3" lang="en"><a name="id272729"></a><h4>RPC TRUSTDOM ESTABLISH <em class="replaceable"><code>DOMAIN</code></em></h4><p>
143Establish a trust relationship to a trusting domain.
144Interdomain account must already be created on the remote PDC.
145</p></div><div class="refsect3" lang="en"><a name="id272743"></a><h4>RPC TRUSTDOM REVOKE <em class="replaceable"><code>DOMAIN</code></em></h4><p>Abandon relationship to trusted domain</p></div><div class="refsect3" lang="en"><a name="id272755"></a><h4>RPC TRUSTDOM LIST</h4><p>List all current interdomain trust relationships.</p></div><div class="refsect3" lang="en"><a name="id272766"></a><h4>RPC RIGHTS</h4><p>This subcommand is used to view and manage Samba's rights assignments (also
146referred to as privileges).  There are three options current available:
147<em class="parameter"><code>list</code></em>, <em class="parameter"><code>grant</code></em>, and
148<em class="parameter"><code>revoke</code></em>.  More details on Samba's privilege model and its use
149can be found in the Samba-HOWTO-Collection.</p></div></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id272797"></a><h3>RPC ABORTSHUTDOWN</h3><p>Abort the shutdown of a remote server.</p></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id272807"></a><h3>RPC SHUTDOWN [-t timeout] [-r] [-f] [-C message]</h3><p>Shut down the remote server.</p><div class="variablelist"><dl><dt><span class="term">-r</span></dt><dd><p>
150Reboot after shutdown.
151</p></dd><dt><span class="term">-f</span></dt><dd><p>
152Force shutting down all applications.
153</p></dd><dt><span class="term">-t timeout</span></dt><dd><p>
154Timeout before system will be shut down. An interactive
155user of the system can use this time to cancel the shutdown.
156</p></dd><dt><span class="term">-C message</span></dt><dd><p>Display the specified message on the screen to
157announce the shutdown.</p></dd></dl></div></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id272867"></a><h3>RPC SAMDUMP</h3><p>Print out sam database of remote server. You need
158to run this against the PDC, from a Samba machine joined as a BDC. </p></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id272878"></a><h3>RPC VAMPIRE</h3><p>Export users, aliases and groups from remote server to
159local server.  You need to run this against the PDC, from a Samba machine joined as a BDC.
160</p></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id272889"></a><h3>RPC GETSID</h3><p>Fetch domain SID and store it in the local <code class="filename">secrets.tdb</code>. </p></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id272905"></a><h3>ADS LEAVE</h3><p>Make the remote host leave the domain it is part of. </p></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id272915"></a><h3>ADS STATUS</h3><p>Print out status of machine account of the local machine in ADS.
161Prints out quite some debug info. Aimed at developers, regular
162users should use <span><strong class="command">NET ADS TESTJOIN</strong></span>.</p></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id272932"></a><h3>ADS PRINTER</h3><div class="refsect3" lang="en"><a name="id272938"></a><h4>ADS PRINTER INFO [<em class="replaceable"><code>PRINTER</code></em>] [<em class="replaceable"><code>SERVER</code></em>]</h4><p>
163Lookup info for <em class="replaceable"><code>PRINTER</code></em> on <em class="replaceable"><code>SERVER</code></em>. The printer name defaults to "*", the
164server name defaults to the local host.</p></div><div class="refsect3" lang="en"><a name="id272963"></a><h4>ADS PRINTER PUBLISH <em class="replaceable"><code>PRINTER</code></em></h4><p>Publish specified printer using ADS.</p></div><div class="refsect3" lang="en"><a name="id272976"></a><h4>ADS PRINTER REMOVE <em class="replaceable"><code>PRINTER</code></em></h4><p>Remove specified printer from ADS directory.</p></div></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id272990"></a><h3>ADS SEARCH <em class="replaceable"><code>EXPRESSION</code></em> <em class="replaceable"><code>ATTRIBUTES...</code></em></h3><p>Perform a raw LDAP search on a ADS server and dump the results. The
165expression is a standard LDAP search expression, and the
166attributes are a list of LDAP fields to show in the results.</p><p>Example: <strong class="userinput"><code>net ads search '(objectCategory=group)' sAMAccountName</code></strong>
167</p></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id273016"></a><h3>ADS DN <em class="replaceable"><code>DN</code></em> <em class="replaceable"><code>(attributes)</code></em></h3><p>
168Perform a raw LDAP search on a ADS server and dump the results. The
169DN standard LDAP DN, and the attributes are a list of LDAP fields
170to show in the result.
171</p><p>Example: <strong class="userinput"><code>net ads dn 'CN=administrator,CN=Users,DC=my,DC=domain' SAMAccountName</code></strong></p></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id273042"></a><h3>ADS WORKGROUP</h3><p>Print out workgroup name for specified kerberos realm.</p></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id273052"></a><h3>SAM CREATEBUILTINGROUP &lt;NAME&gt;</h3><p>
172(Re)Create a BUILTIN group.
173Only a wellknown set of BUILTIN groups can be created with this command.
174This is the list of currently recognized group names: Administrators,
175Users, Guests, Power Users, Account Operators, Server Operators, Print
176Operators, Backup Operators, Replicator, RAS Servers, Pre-Windows 2000
177ompatible Access.
178
179This command requires a running Winbindd with idmap allocation properly
180configured. The group gid will be allocated out of the winbindd range.
181</p></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id273067"></a><h3>SAM CREATELOCALGROUP &lt;NAME&gt;</h3><p>
182Create a LOCAL group (also known as Alias).
183
184This command requires a running Winbindd with idmap allocation properly
185configured. The group gid will be allocated out of the winbindd range.
186</p></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id273078"></a><h3>SAM MAPUNIXGROUP &lt;NAME&gt;</h3><p>
187Map an existing Unix group and make it a Domain Group, the domain group
188will have the same name.
189</p></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id273089"></a><h3>SAM ADDMEM &lt;GROUP&gt; &lt;MEMBER&gt;</h3><p>
190Add a member to a Local group. The group can be specified only by name,
191the member can be specified by name or SID.
192</p></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id273101"></a><h3>SAM DELMEM  &lt;GROUP&gt; &lt;MEMBER&gt;</h3><p>
193Remove a member from a Local group. The group and the member must be
194specified by name.
195</p></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id273112"></a><h3>SAM LISTMEM &lt;GROUP&gt;</h3><p>
196List Local group members. The group must be specified by name.
197</p></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id273123"></a><h3>SAM LIST &lt;users|groups|localgroups|builtin|workstations&gt; [verbose]</h3><p>
198List the specified set of accounts by name. If verbose is specified,
199the rid and description is also provided for each account.
200</p></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id273135"></a><h3>SAM SHOW &lt;NAME&gt;</h3><p>
201Show the full DOMAIN\\NAME the SID and the type for the corrisponding
202account.
203</p></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id273145"></a><h3>SAM SET HOMEDIR &lt;NAME&gt; &lt;DIRECTORY&gt;</h3><p>
204Set the home directory for a user account.
205</p></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id273156"></a><h3>SAM SET PROFILEPATH &lt;NAME&gt; &lt;PATH&gt;</h3><p>
206Set the profile path for a user account.
207</p></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id273166"></a><h3>SAM SET COMMENT &lt;NAME&gt; &lt;COMMENT&gt;</h3><p>
208Set the comment for a user or group account.
209</p></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id273177"></a><h3>SAM SET FULLNAME &lt;NAME&gt; &lt;FULL NAME&gt;</h3><p>
210Set the full name for a user account.
211</p></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id273187"></a><h3>SAM SET LOGONSCRIPT &lt;NAME&gt; &lt;SCRIPT&gt;</h3><p>
212Set the logon script for a user account.
213</p></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id273198"></a><h3>SAM SET HOMEDRIVE &lt;NAME&gt; &lt;DRIVE&gt;</h3><p>
214Set the home drive for a user account.
215</p></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id273209"></a><h3>SAM SET WORKSTATIONS &lt;NAME&gt; &lt;WORKSTATIONS&gt;</h3><p>
216Set the workstations a user account is allowed to log in from.
217</p></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id273219"></a><h3>SAM SET DISABLE &lt;NAME&gt;</h3><p>
218Set the "disabled" flag for a user account.
219</p></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id273230"></a><h3>SAM SET PWNOTREQ &lt;NAME&gt;</h3><p>
220Set the "password not required" flag for a user account.
221</p></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id273241"></a><h3>SAM SET AUTOLOCK &lt;NAME&gt;</h3><p>
222Set the "autolock" flag for a user account.
223</p></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id273251"></a><h3>SAM SET PWNOEXP &lt;NAME&gt;</h3><p>
224Set the "password do not expire" flag for a user account.
225</p></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id273262"></a><h3>SAM SET PWMUSTCHANGENOW &lt;NAME&gt; [yes|no]</h3><p>
226Set or unset the "password must change" flag fro a user account.
227</p></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id273273"></a><h3>SAM POLICY LIST</h3><p>
228List the avilable account policies.
229</p></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id273283"></a><h3>SAM POLICY SHOW &lt;account policy&gt;</h3><p>
230Show the account policy value.
231</p></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id273293"></a><h3>SAM POLICY SET &lt;account policy&gt; &lt;value&gt;</h3><p>
232Set a value for the account policy.
233Valid values can be: "forever", "never", "off", or a number.
234</p></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id273305"></a><h3>SAM PROVISION</h3><p>
235Only available if ldapsam:editposix is set and winbindd is running.
236Properly populates the ldap tree with the basic accounts (Administrator)
237and groups (Domain Users, Domain Admins, Domain Guests) on the ldap tree.
238</p></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id273316"></a><h3>IDMAP DUMP &lt;output file&gt;</h3><p>
239Dumps the mappings in the specified output file.
240</p></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id273327"></a><h3>IDMAP RESTORE [input file]</h3><p>
241Restore the mappings from the specified file or stdin.
242</p></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id273338"></a><h3>IDMAP SECRET &lt;DOMAIN&gt;|ALLOC &lt;secret&gt;</h3><p>
243Store a secret for the sepcified domain, used primarily for domains
244that use idmap_ldap as a backend. In this case the secret is used
245as the password for the user DN used to bind to the ldap server.
246</p></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id273350"></a><h3>USERSHARE</h3><p>Starting with version 3.0.23, a Samba server now supports the ability for
247non-root users to add user define shares to be exported using the "net usershare"
248commands.
249</p><p>
250To set this up, first set up your smb.conf by adding to the [global] section :
251
252usershare path = /usr/local/samba/lib/usershares
253
254Next create the directory /usr/local/samba/lib/usershares, change the owner to root and
255set the group owner to the UNIX group who should have the ability to create usershares,
256for example a group called "serverops".
257
258Set the permissions on /usr/local/samba/lib/usershares to 01770.
259
260(Owner and group all access, no access for others, plus the sticky bit,
261which means that a file in that directory can be renamed or deleted only
262by the owner of the file).
263
264Finally, tell smbd how many usershares you will allow by adding to the [global]
265section of smb.conf a line such as :
266
267usershare max shares = 100.
268
269To allow 100 usershare definitions. Now, members of the UNIX group "serverops"
270can create user defined shares on demand using the commands below.
271</p><p>The usershare commands are:
272
273</p><table class="simplelist" border="0" summary="Simple list"><tr><td>net usershare add sharename path [comment] [acl] [guest_ok=[y|n]] - to add or change a user defined share.</td></tr><tr><td>net usershare delete sharename - to delete a user defined share.</td></tr><tr><td>net usershare info [-l|--long] [wildcard sharename] - to print info about a user defined share.</td></tr><tr><td>net usershare list [-l|--long] [wildcard sharename] - to list user defined shares.</td></tr></table><p>
274
275</p><div class="refsect3" lang="en"><a name="id273396"></a><h4>USERSHARE ADD <em class="replaceable"><code>sharename</code></em> <em class="replaceable"><code>path</code></em> <em class="replaceable"><code>[comment]</code></em> <em class="replaceable"><code>[acl]</code></em> <em class="replaceable"><code>[guest_ok=[y|n]]</code></em></h4><p>
276Add or replace a new user defined share, with name "sharename".
277</p><p>
278"path" specifies the absolute pathname on the system to be exported.
279Restrictions may be put on this, see the global smb.conf parameters :
280"usershare owner only", "usershare prefix allow list", and
281"usershare prefix deny list".
282</p><p>
283The optional "comment" parameter is the comment that will appear
284on the share when browsed to by a client.
285</p><p>The optional "acl" field
286specifies which users have read and write access to the entire share.
287Note that guest connections are not allowed unless the smb.conf parameter
288"usershare allow guests" has been set. The definition of a user
289defined share acl is : "user:permission", where user is a valid
290username on the system and permission can be "F", "R", or "D".
291"F" stands for "full permissions", ie. read and write permissions.
292"D" stands for "deny" for a user, ie. prevent this user from accessing
293this share.
294"R" stands for "read only", ie. only allow read access to this
295share (no creation of new files or directories or writing to files).
296</p><p>
297The default if no "acl" is given is "Everyone:R", which means any
298authenticated user has read-only access.
299</p><p>
300The optional "guest_ok" has the same effect as the parameter of the
301same name in smb.conf, in that it allows guest access to this user
302defined share. This parameter is only allowed if the global parameter
303"usershare allow guests" has been set to true in the smb.conf.
304</p>
305
306There is no separate command to modify an existing user defined share,
307just use the "net usershare add [sharename]" command using the same
308sharename as the one you wish to modify and specify the new options
309you wish. The Samba smbd daemon notices user defined share modifications
310at connect time so will see the change immediately, there is no need
311to restart smbd on adding, deleting or changing a user defined share.
312</div><div class="refsect3" lang="en"><a name="id273460"></a><h4>USERSHARE DELETE <em class="replaceable"><code>sharename</code></em></h4><p>
313Deletes the user defined share by name. The Samba smbd daemon
314immediately notices this change, although it will not disconnect
315any users currently connected to the deleted share.
316</p></div><div class="refsect3" lang="en"><a name="id273474"></a><h4>USERSHARE INFO <em class="replaceable"><code>[-l|--long]</code></em> <em class="replaceable"><code>[wildcard sharename]</code></em></h4><p>
317Get info on user defined shares owned by the current user matching the given pattern, or all users.
318</p><p>
319net usershare info on its own dumps out info on the user defined shares that were
320created by the current user, or restricts them to share names that match the given
321wildcard pattern ('*' matches one or more characters, '?' matches only one character).
322If the '-l' or '--long' option is also given, it prints out info on user defined
323shares created by other users.
324</p><p>
325The information given about a share looks like :
326
327[foobar]
328path=/home/jeremy
329comment=testme
330usershare_acl=Everyone:F
331guest_ok=n
332
333And is a list of the current settings of the user defined share that can be
334modified by the "net usershare add" command.
335</p></div><div class="refsect3" lang="en"><a name="id273502"></a><h4>USERSHARE LIST <em class="replaceable"><code>[-l|--long]</code></em> <em class="replaceable"><code>wildcard sharename</code></em></h4><p>
336List all the user defined shares owned by the current user matching the given pattern, or all users.
337</p><p>
338net usershare list on its own list out the names of the user defined shares that were
339created by the current user, or restricts the list to share names that match the given
340wildcard pattern ('*' matches one or more characters, '?' matches only one character).
341If the '-l' or '--long' option is also given, it includes the names of user defined
342shares created by other users.
343</p></div></div><div class="refsect2" lang="en"><a name="id273526"></a><h3>HELP [COMMAND]</h3><p>Gives usage information for the specified command.</p></div></div><div class="refsect1" lang="en"><a name="id273538"></a><h2>VERSION</h2><p>This man page is complete for version 3.0 of the Samba
344        suite.</p></div><div class="refsect1" lang="en"><a name="id273548"></a><h2>AUTHOR</h2><p>The original Samba software and related utilities
345        were created by Andrew Tridgell. Samba is now developed
346        by the Samba Team as an Open Source project similar
347        to the way the Linux kernel is developed.</p><p>The net manpage was written by Jelmer Vernooij.</p></div></div></body></html>
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